Clocks are ubiquitous

The phase noise (or spectral purity) of the clocks is becoming a fundamental source of performance degradation in 5G mm-wave communication systems and in automotive and defense radar systems.
Among the most crucial components for next-generation communications networks are low phase noise clock generators and high-performance spectrally-pure analog-to-digital (ADC) and digital-to-analog (DAC) converters. The need for lower phase noise, higher ADC and DAC bandwidths, greater accuracy, and increased dynamic range with lower SWaP remains a perpetual industry trend.


In radars, the phase noise associated with a high-power transmitter can overwhelm a weaker echo making detection hard.


Phase noise limits the achievable Signal to Noise ratio in transmitters (referred to as the Error Vector Magnitude or EVM). Phase noise also degrades receiver sensitivity by injecting nearby out of band blockers and interference into the receiver’s band of interest by the process of reciprocal mixing.

Telcom & Wireline

Newer 800 gigabits/s fiber optic links and 56G/112G Serdes links in datacenters require low-jitter high-frequency clocks to transmit and receive data reliably with low bit error rates.


  • Automotive Radar
  • Defense Radar
  • Gesture Sensing


  • Base Stations
  • Fixed Wireless Access
  • Distributed Antenna Systems
  • Backhaul


  • Switches
  • Servers
  • Enterprise Routers
  • Cable

Data Centers

  • Data Center Interconnect
  • 100/400/800G Optical
  • 56/112G Serdes
  • Carrier Ethernet


  • Medical Imaging
  • Test Equipment
  • Industrial
  • Broadcast Video